Butte County. Organized in 1850. Bounded on the northwest by
Tehama, northeast by Plumas, southeast by Yuba, south by Sutter
and west by Colusa. Area, 1,458 square miles. Assessed valuation
of property for 1874, $9,062,619. County seat, Oroville.
Principal towns: Bangor, Bidwell's Bar, Bigg's Station,
Cherokee, Chico, Forbestown, Inskip, Magalia, Thompson's Flat,
Wyandotte, Nord, Gridiey's Station and Lovelock.
The county is composed of both mountain and Valley land, in
nearly equal proportions; the mines and forests of the Sierra,
and the agricultural lands of the plain, constitute its
resources. The soil of the valley is very fertile, producing an
average of 23¼ bushels of wheat per acre. Fruit is grown in
great perfection, oranges ripening at Bidwell's Bar, which is in
latitude 39 deg. 51 min., and at an elevation of about 1,000
feet above the ocean. This may be taken as a measure of the
horticultural capacity of the section, and of the climate of the
Sacramento Valley, and the foothills of the Sierra Nevada.
Coal, or a light lignite, is found in Table Mountain, near
Oroville. Butte was one of the earliest mining counties, but
that interest was allowed to decline, until recently capital and
intelligence are paying it increased attention, as in other
counties, with the prospect of returning it to its former
importance. At Cherokee is operated one of the best appointed
hydraulic mines in the State, where by skillful engineering a
stream of water is supplied which crosses the West Branch of
Feather River in an inverted siphon of iron, having a depression
of 830 feet below the outlet, and 980 feet below the inlet.
These mines produce about half a million dollars of gold
annually, one bar made from a single clean up in 1873 being
worth $72,000, the largest ever made in any mining country.
The principal streams are Feather River and its branches in the
eastern portion, the Rio Seco, Butte, Little Butte, Chico and
Rock Creeks flowing into the plain toward Sacramento, and the
Sacramento along its western border. The interior streams afford
fine facilities for manufacturing, milling and irrigating
purposes, and the beautiful Sacramento bears on its bosom the
rich freight which the fertile farms and prolific hills supply.
The Northern California Railroad, on the eastern side of Feather
River, connects Oroville and Marysville, having 13Â½ miles of
track in this county, and the California and Oregon Railroad
runs diagonally forty miles across it. Some singularly rugged
mountain peaks, or buttes, rising from the midst of the
Sacramento Valley, give the county its name.
Officers: William S Safford, County Judge: Thos. Callow, Clerk;
Patrick Ogilby Hundley, District Attorney; Samuel L. Daniels.
Sheriff and Tax Collector; William Armstrong, Recorder and
Auditor; William Schneider, Treasurer; Joseph C. Werisbaugher,
Assessor; James McGann, Surveyor; Louis W. Hoops, Public
Administrator; Hiram T. Batchelder, Superintendent Public
California Gazetteer |
Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled
by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875