California Quicksilver Furnaces, 1874
Soon after the discovery of gold in California, deposits of
cinnabar were found at New Almaden, Santa Clara County, which
subsequent developments proved to be of vast extent and
exceeding richness. For several years this mine alone supplied
the gold mines of the Pacific coast with quicksilver, besides
furnishing large quantities for export. In 1850 it yielded
28,875 flasks, but at the present time the production does not
exceed 15,000 flasks annually. The New Idria mine, in Fresno
County, was discovered in 1856, and has since been successfully
worked. The production of this mine has been from 7,000 to
12,000 flasks per annum. Next in importance, if not their equal,
is the Redington mine, located at Knoxville, Napa County, from
which large quantities of quicksilver have been taken since its
discovery in 1861. Previous to 1872, those were the only
quicksilver-producing mines of any note in the State, but since
that period, rich deposits of cinnabar have boon discovered in
several counties, from Dol Norte in the north to San Diego in
the south, and the production of the valuable metal has been
largely increased. The counties of Santa Clara, Fresno, Napa,
Lake, Colusa, Sonoma, Solano, San Luis Obispo, and Santa Barbara
are now known to contain large deposits of cinnabar, and in all
of them expensive furnaces are being erected, and quicksilver
mining vigorously prosecuted. The following table contains a
list of the principal quicksilver furnaces in operation January,
1875, and the capacity of each as far as could be ascertained at
With the Location, Name, Date of Erection and Present Occupants.
Bear Valley, Wild Goose, Wild Goose Q. M. Company.
Sulphur Creek, Abbott, Abbott Q. M. Company.
Sulphur Creek, Buckeye, Buckeye Q. M. Company.
Sulphur Creek, Elgin, Elgin Mining Company.
Little Panoche, Little Panoche, Little Panoche Q. M. Company.
Moody Cañon, Cerro Gordo, Cerro Gordo Q. M. Company.
Silver Creek, New Idria, New Idria Mining Company.
Lower Lake, Sulphur Banks, California Borax Company.
Middletown, Great Western, Great Western Q. M. Company.
Middletown, Kearsage, Kearsage Q. M. Company.
Middletown, Lake County Mine, Lake County Mining Company.
Pine Mountain, American Q. S. Mine, Wright Bros.
Knoxville, California, California Q, M. Company.
Knoxville, Redington, Redington Q. M. Company.
Manhattan, Manhattan, Knox & Osborne.
Napa Valley, Oakville, Oakville Q. M Company.
Pope Valley, Aetna, Aetna Q. M. Company.
Pope Valley, Phoenix, Phoenix Q. M. Company.
Pope Valley, Washington, Washington Q. M. Company.
San Luis Obispo County
_____, Josephine, Josephine Q. M. Company.
_____, Keystone, Cross & Company.
_____, Mahoney, James F. Mahoney.
_____, Oceanic, Oceanic Q. M. Company.
_____, Quien Sabe, D. C. Norcross & Company.
_____, Kinconada, C. W. Dana & Company.
_____, Santa Cruz, Sunderland Q. M. Company.
Santa Barbara County
Santa Inez Valley, Los Prietos, Los Prietos Mining Company.
Santa Clara County
Guadaloupe, Santa Clara, Santa Clara M'g As. of Baltimore.
New Almaden, New Almaden, Quicksilver Mining Company.
Valley Township, John Brownley, Brownley & Company.
Valley Township, St. John's, Neat & Wilson.
Knight's Valley District, Ida Clayton, Knight's Valley Land and
Knight's Valley District, Yellow Jacket, Knight's Valley Land
and Contract Company.
Mendocino Township, Annie Belcher, Carr & Company.
Mendocino Township, Flagstaff, Bell & Company.
Mendocino Township, Rattlesnake, Parrott & Company.
Mendocino Township, Socrates, Bell & Company.
Mendocino Township, Sonoma, W. W. Dodge & Company.
Washington Township, Cloverdale, Booth & Company.
Washington Township, Geyser, Flood & O'Brien.
Washington Township, Missouri, Stuart & Elder.
Washington Township, Mount Vernon, Bell & Company.
Washington Township, Oakland, Bank of California.
California Gazetteer |
Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled
by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875