Kern County California
Kern County. Organized in 1866. Bounded north
by Tulare, east by San Bernardino, south by Los Angeles, and
southwest and west by San Luis Obispo. Area, 8,000 square miles.
Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $3,603,316.
County sent Bakersfield. Principal towns, Canfield, Glenville,
Havilah, Kernville, Sumner, Tehachipi, and Williamsburg,
resources, agricultural and mineral, either but slightly
developed. The county comprises within its limits the southern
terminus of the great valley of California, the junction of the
Coast Range with the Sierra Nevada, and a portion of the desert
region east of the latter range of mountains.
In some localities the soil is of unparalleled fertility, so
great that eight well grown crops of hay have been taken from
the same ground in a single year, according to the report of the
Agricultural Society of the county; but a great portion is dry
Kern Island, comprised in the delta of the river of the same
name, is an extensive tract of country of excellent soil and
capable of supporting a population of many thousands. The river
which gives the county its name. Itself being named in honor of
Lieut. Kern, who accompanied Fremont in his explorations, is one
of the largest flowing from the Sierra, and after passing
several pleasant mountain valleys, and watering much good land
on the great plain, forms a system of lakes, as Buena Vista,
Kern, Tulare, and others, which form the distinguishing features
of this region.
The San Joaquin branch of the Pacific Railroad was extended to
Bakersfield, 298 miles from San Francisco, in 1874, and it is
expected to be constructed before another year to Tehachipa
Pass, upwards of twenty miles further. This is of great
advantage to the county, and will invite population and bring
forth its wealth.
Additional facilities, in a narrow gauge railroad to Santa
Barbara, 90 miles distant, is proposed, and a company has been
formed in the latter city for its construction.
Officers: Philip T. Colby, County Judge;
Frederick W. Craig, Clerk, Recorder and Auditor; Augustus C.
Lawrence, District Attorney; William R. Bower, Sheriff and Tax
Collector; David A. Sinclair, Treasurer; Benjamin F. Walker,
Assessor; Walter James, Surveyor; Lewis S. Rogers, Coroner and
Public Administrator; L. A. Beardsley, Superintendent of Public
California Gazetteer |
Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled
by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875