Tuolumne County, California

Tuolumne is an irregularly shaped county on the western slope of the Sierra, bounded on the north by Alpine, east by Mono, south by Mariposa, and west by Stanislaus and Calaveras; its area is 1,953 square miles; the character of the county is mountainous, though rolling hills, table-lands, and sheltered valleys afford rich grazing lands and many acres of tillable soil. Mining, as in the early days of California, is still the leading industry of the people; quarries of marble and slate are also successfully worked; the timber belt of the Sierra Nevada affords a livelihood to many lumbermen, and fruit growing and diversified farming receive considerable attention. The Stanislaus and Tuolumne rivers flow through the county. In Tuolumne is located the famous Hetch-Hetchy valley, which in scenic grandeur is second only to the Yosemite; two groves of big trees and a mammoth cave are also among the natural wonders of the county. The population is estimated at 10,000; in 1880 it was 7,848. Sonora is the county seat. Columbia and Chinese Camp are other towns. The assessed valuation in 1889 was $2,716,465.


Source: California State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1890, Volume II, R. L. Polk & Company, 1890.

©California American History and Genealogy Project 2011 - 2016
Created December 2, 2015 by Judy White