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 Los Angeles County California

Los Angeles County. Organized in 1850 Bounded north by Kern, east by San Bernardino, southeast by San Diego, south and southwest by the Pacific Ocean, and west by Ventura. Area, on mainland, 4,900, and of islands 1,100, a total of 6,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $12,080,366.

County seat, Los Angeles, an incorporated city. Principal towns: Anaheim, Compton, Downey City, El Monte, Los Nietos, San Fernando, San Gabriel, Santa Monica, Soledad, Spadra, and Wilmington.

Resources: agricultural, mineral and commercial. Los Angeles is the most favorably situated, and the most populous and important of the southern counties. Possessing a large area of fertile soil, an ocean coast offering several good landing places at most seasons, railroads leading into the interior in four different directions, and a climate of incomparable loveliness, make it one of the most desirable locations for residences and business in the State, and assure for it the leading position it has always maintained.

The general resource is agriculture, the product of its fruit-bearing vines and trees constituting its chief articles of export. Corn and other grains are grown in considerable quantities, but not sufficient to prevent importation of breadstuffs. The former chief dependence of the people was upon the abundant pasturage its verdant plains and grass-covered hills afforded, and, although this is not now the predominating interest, the large exports of wool, hides, and cattle are evidences that it is vet of great importance. The mineral resources of the county are of great value. In it were found the first gold placers of the Pacific coast, long anterior to the discoveries at Coloma.

Along the San Gabriel and Santa Clara rivers, gold was found fifty or more years ago, and the placers are still mined, producing some gold, but at no great profit. Silver mines are also found in the San Gabriel Mountains, but the developments are not yet sufficient to show their value. At Soledad, on the head of the Santa Clara River, veins of gold-bearing quartz are worked at a large profit, and copper bearing veins are numerous. On the northeastern slope of the San Gabriel range, bordering the Mohave desert, are found large veins of copper ore and other minerals, which, when opportunities are given to develop them, will constitute an important resource of the county and State.

The beds of asphaltum, and springs of oil constitute an important resource. In the San Fernando hills are many springs of petroleum which have been partially opened by boring and excavation, and a large amount of oil flows from them. A refinery has been established to prepare this for use, and a great and profitable business is expected.

Officers: H. K. S. O'Melveny, County Judge; A. W. Potts, Clerk; V. E. Howard, District Attorney; William R. Rowland, Sheriff and Tax Collector; J. W. Gillette, Recorder and Auditor; T. E. Rowan, Treasurer; Dionicio Botiller, Assessor; Lother Seebold, Surveyor; N. P. Richardson, Coroner; H. M. Mitchell, Public Administrator George H. Peck, Superintendent Public Schools.

California Gazetteer | AHGP California

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875

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