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 San Joaquin County California

San Joaquin County. Organized in 1850. Bounded north by Sacramento, east by Amador, Calaveras, and Stanislaus, and west by Alameda and Contra Costa. Area, 1,350 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $20,426,l21.

County seat, Stockton, an incorporated city. Principal towns: Bantas, Ellis, Farmington, Holden, Lathrop, Lodi, Peters and Woodbridge.

The county is rich in agricultural resources, and is advantageously situated for commerce. Lying on both sides of the San Joaquin River, which is navigable for vessels of ordinary draught, and interlaced by numerous navigable sloughs and branches of the main river, a great portion of it is reached by steamers and sailing craft, affording cheap and speedy transportation. In addition, the Central Pacific Railroad runs upwards of 40 miles through it, from the north, passing the city of Stockton, crossing the San Joaquin River and Valley, and leaving it on the western border. At Lathrop the San Joaquin Valley branch of the Central Pacific leaves the main trunk and runs south-eastwardly through the county, and continuing through the entire length of the valley 239 miles. The Stockton and Copperopolis Railroad starts from the steamboat landing in the city and runs east 15 miles to Peters, where it branches, the northern arm reaching towards Copperopolis, though at present terminating at Milton, 30 miles from Stockton, and the southern arm intended originally to reach to Visalia, continues to Oakdale, in Stanislaus county, 34 miles from Stockton. The Stockton and lone Narrow-Gauge Railroad is in course of construction. Thus is the county abundantly supplied with railroads, as well as lines of water communication.

San Joaquin is entirely within the great valley, extending from the foothills of the Sierra to those of the Monte Diablo range. In the central portion is a large area of land subject to overflow, but which is of great fertility, and when protected by levees is very valuable. The entire area of the county is arable, is well cultivated, and produces largely of grains, fruits, and vegetables. Oak trees, of evergreen and deciduous varieties, grow abundantly in the fertile soil of the valley, giving a pleasant and park-like appearance to the broad plains, and constituting a grand resource of wealth and comfort. With such a fertile soil, aided by a climate at once healthy and pleasant, where the summer heats are modified by the last breath of the sea-breeze, and the frosts of winter are unknown, with every facility of inter-communication, a basis of prosperity is presented unsurpassed in the world.

Officers: William S. Buckley, County Judge; George Tilghman, Clerk; Alfred W. Roysdon, District Attorney; Thomas Cunningham, Sheriff; Charles T. Elliott, Recorder; Charles Grunsky, Auditor; Minord S. Thresher, Treasurer; William T. A. Gibson, Tax Collector; Calvin H. Covell, Assessor; Charles M. Ritter, Surveyor; Joshua Seamonds, Coroner; Thomas Hennesey, Public Administrator; Thomas O. Crawford, Superintendent Public Schools.

California Gazetteer | AHGP California

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875

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